Parkinson’s Disease

As Parkinson’s disease advances, motor symptoms worsen but it also encompasses a range of non-motor symptoms like mood disorders, cognitive impairment, sleep disturbances and autonomic dysfunction. The disease’s exact cause is unknown but is thought to be a mix of genetic and environmental factors. Most cases are sporadic with a small percentage having a genetic link.

Parkinson’s disease is characterised by a range of symptoms that affect both movement and non-motor functions. The most well-known motor symptoms include tremors, bradykinesia (slowness of movement), muscle rigidity and difficulties with balance and gait. These symptoms contribute to challenges in performing daily activities such as dressing, eating and personal care, significantly impacting quality of life. Bradykinesia, for instance, not only slows down movement but also makes it difficult to perform multiple tasks simultaneously. Rigidity can cause discomfort and pain, often starting asymmetrically and then spreading, while postural instability leads to an increased risk of falls and injuries in later stages.

Non-motor symptoms encompass a variety of issues including changes in mood, behaviour, cognition and perception, as well as sleep disturbances and sensory changes such as a reduced sense of smell. Cognitive impairments can affect executive functions, such as planning and attention and may occur early in the disease or even before a formal diagnosis. Psychosis, including hallucinations and delusions, affects a significant proportion of individuals with Parkinson’s disease, potentially exacerbating the challenges faced by those affected.

Parkinson’s typically appears in people over 60 and progressively worsens over time. While there’s no cure, treatments like dopamine-increasing medications, other symptom-managing drugs and possibly deep brain stimulation surgery, are available. Comprehensive care, involving neurologists and therapies like physical and occupational therapy, along with support from healthcare professionals and support groups, is crucial.

First described by James Parkinson in the early 19th century, the disease occurs when dopamine-producing brain cells are damaged, leading to symptoms like tremors, muscle stiffness and balance issues. Although not linked to addiction, Parkinson’s can impact recovery by affecting physical abilities. In rehab, healthcare teams adapt treatment plans to accommodate Parkinson’s, ensuring tailored support for managing both conditions.

Parkinson’s progression varies between individuals but with proper care and lifestyle changes, those affected can lead fulfilling lives and effectively engage in addiction recovery.

Parkinson's Disease Overview

Parkinson’s disease is a neurological illness that occurs when neurons die, causing uncontrolled movement, balance and impaired emotions. Get help from qualified counsellors.

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