Psychotropic Substance

Psychotropic substances or psychoactive drugs, can alter mental state and behavior. Examples include alcohol, cannabis, opioids, stimulants and hallucinogens. The history of these substances dates back to ancient times when their mind-altering properties were discovered. Synthetic psychotropic drugs have since been developed and widely used.

In addiction treatment, understanding the role of these substances is crucial. Rehabs help individuals overcome dependence, detoxify safely and learn coping strategies to manage cravings and prevent relapse. It’s important to note that using psychotropic substances can have severe health consequences, including overdose and psychological complications.

Psychotropic drugs affect awareness, behaviour, mood, perception or sensation.

They are classified into five types: antianxiety, antidepressants, antipsychotics, hypnotics and mood-stabilising drugs. These drugs impact neurotransmitters like dopamine, GABA, norepinephrine and serotonin.

  • Antianxiety drugs like benzodiazepines, enhance GABA effects, causing calmness. Buspirone acts on serotonin receptors.
  • Antidepressants, such as SSRIs and MAOIs, elevate mood by inhibiting neurotransmitter reabsorption.
  • Antipsychotic drugs are categorised into typical (blocking dopamine receptors) and atypical (inhibiting various neurotransmitters).
  • Mood stabilisers like lithium and carbamazepine modulate neurotransmitter activity for mood disorders.
  • Stimulant-type psychotropic drugs increase catecholamine neurotransmitters and treat ADHD.

Side effects vary; benzodiazepines can cause dependence, while buspirone has lower abuse potential. Antidepressants, antipsychotics and stimulants have their own side effects, including sleepiness, tremors and metabolic risks.

Psychotropic medications are categorised into antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs, stimulants, antipsychotics and mood stabilisers, each addressing different aspects of mental health by altering brain chemicals like serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine. Antidepressants, one of the most prescribed types, include Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) and Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs), which boost mood-regulating chemicals and Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) known for their sedative effects but with a higher risk of side effects. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) increase various neurotransmitters but have numerous side effects and dietary restrictions. Atypical antidepressants, such as Bupropion and Mirtazapine, offer alternative mechanisms of action, catering to specific needs like avoiding sexual side effects or increasing appetite. Each medication type carries a risk of side effects, including serious ones, necessitating a discussion with a healthcare provider before starting any treatment.

What is a Psychotropic Substance? Get Addiction Help Now

A psychotropic substance is a chemical drug that crosses the blood-brain barrier and affects the mind and mental processes. Get help from qualified counsellors.

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    Our team, led by Gareth Carter, offers empathetic and professional support, guiding you through every step of the treatment process. Whether you're in South Africa or abroad, our acceptance of various insurance plans makes quality care accessible, providing a platform for lasting recovery and a healthier future.

    Inpatient Rehab

    Rehab care is a good option if you are at risk of experiencing strong withdrawal symptoms when you try stop a substance. This option would also be recommended if you have experienced recurrent relapses or if you have tried a less-intensive treatment without success.


    If you're committed to your sobriety but cannot take a break from your daily duties for an inpatient program. Outpatient rehab treatment might suit you well if you are looking for a less restricted format for addiction treatment or simply need help with mental health.


    Therapy can be good step towards healing and self-discovery. If you need support without disrupting your routine, therapy offers a flexible solution for anyone wishing to enhance their mental well-being or work through personal issues in a supportive, confidential environment.

    Mental Health

    Are you having persistent feelings of being swamped, sad or have sudden surges of anger or intense emotional outbursts? These are warning signs of unresolved trauma mental health. A simple assesment by a mental health expert could provide valuable insights into your recovery.

    Finding the right rehab close to you is simple with WeDoRecover. Our network includes the finest rehab centers, ensuring personalised, quality care for your recovery needs. Let Gareth Carter and our empathetic team help guide you to a center that feels right for you, offering expert care and support. Start your healing today by choosing a rehab that's not just close to you, but also that truly cares about your loved ones recovery.

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